A PROSPECTIVE ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF RESIDENTIAL PV SELF-CONSUMPTION WITH BATTERIES AND ITS SYSTEMIC EFFECTS

27-07-2017 -  Hyun Jin Julie YU

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Keywords: Economic analysis, Energy policy, Photovoltaic (PV) self-consumption, PV residential systems with batteries, Stakeholder analysis, Systemic effects.


ABSTRACT
Over the last decade, the price of PV modules has fallen largely due to the globalisation of the PV sector. If residential PV systems coupled with batteries become economically competitive in the near future, end-users will be willing to switch to the self-consumption of PV electricity instead of using power from the network. If the transition of PV self-consumption in the residential sector occurs massively or suddenly, the national energy system would be faced with a radical change. This article analyses the economic feasibility of French residential PV systems combined with Li-ion batteries in 2030 to anticipate the possible change in future energy systems. It also includes a stakeholder analysis with respect to the PV self-consumption model to analyse the systemic effects of PV integration into the electricity system. Our study provides a theoretical explanation of the impact on the current electricity market and quantifies the expected impact on the most influential stakeholder group. The ultimate objective is to help policymakers forecast possible scenarios for PV self-consumption so they can prepare for the future transition with strategic actions. By way of conclusion, we discuss the policy implications and elaborate policy recommendations based on the results of this study.

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